Tuesday, May 19, 2009

Tips to lead Socratic Discussion

As trainers we often use Socratic direction to prove a point, using audience participation. The method of Socratic discussion is actually quite simple and bases itself on the prior knowledge of the learners. The trainer will usually ask a series of pointed questions to finally get to an "Aha!" moment. The mnemonic I use to describe the process of Socratic direction is KOPSA. Here's what it stands for:
As you'll notice, its a pretty simple process. With that said, this is a simple process that one can often get wrong. Here are a few things I like to be careful about:

Prepare, prepare, prepare

Socratic discussion starts from Knowing your audiences responses. Prepare, prepare, prepare! Think of all possible answers that your learners can come up with. The more branches you can identify for your discussion, the better prepared you will be.

Accept Input

Often you'll hear responses which are not exactly the one's you're looking for. Our tendency could be to just say "No!" to these responses. Instead, I like to use open ended, generative statements such as "What do you think...", "Hmmm... that's an interesting thought. With that said..." or, "That's a good thought, let's come back to that in sometime. How would you...". I like to use what I call the "Reflect/ Deflect Technique".
REFLECT back to the questioner what you thought was the point she was making. ("If I understand correctly, you’re asking..."). Depending on how the questioner "reformulates" their point, DEFLECT it by either:
  • Asking the group : ‘How does the rest of the group feel?’;‘Who else has faced a similar problem?’
  • OR ricochet to a particular participant: "Adam, given your experience how do you feel about this?"
  • OR Reverse it to the person making the point: "You've definitely got a great point there. Tell us more about it"

Know your Outcomes

Its very easy to get pulled into tangential discussions with the socratic method. Its important to keep sight of the point you're trying to make and push forward towards it. I usually like to maintain a Parking Lot flipchart in the classroom which I let students maintain for themselves. Each time a topic goes way too off topic, I like to place the issue on the Parking Lot by simply placing a post it on the flipchart. This generally means that we can have a special interest discussion about the topic outside of class hours.

Have Patience

You will need to have patience with this method -- often many sessions may end up in you having to go around in circles trying to get to the next point. Too much haste, and you may create a perception that you're not listening to your audience's viewpoint. This is one of the problems with Socratic discussion. Open ended questions mean open ended discussion and we know how open ended discussion can end up!

Be Flexible

Be flexible (while of course, keeping time). Socratic discussion is really about putting part of the control in the hands of the learner. You might just run into an interesting discussion which is of great value to the topic, but slightly off your plan. Prioritize the topics in your session to decide if you are ready to have this discussion over completing other activities in the time-slot. One of things I do when preparing from a session plan, is that I prioritize topics as "Must Have"/"Should Have"/"Could Have" sections. This lets me understand the highest priority sections and what I can get away with not doing, if I have pacing issues. The key however is that if you can't make time for this side discussion, then make sure you respectfully place these topics on the parking lot (or let the students do it).

Don't patronize them

Last but not the least, don't go overboard with Socratic discussion. If something is simple enough, just say it! Consider the intelligence and prior experience of your audience. You don't want to patronize them too much by going around in circles trying to make an awfully simple point!


andy said...

There's a very good transcript of teaching binary arithmetic to third graders with the Socratic method

Sumeet Moghe said...

Yep. Saw that sometime back. Its a pretty nice demonstration, that one.

Louis said...

Thanks a lot for the tips. They can definitely lead you to that factor.

web design Perth

experiential marketing agency said...

I think I'll try the Socratic method out. This method can be used for marketing as well.

company registration Philippines said...

We use Socratic Discussion for our Business demonstrations and seminars. Thank you for elaborating on this.

long island advertising agencies said...

Thank you for sharing this article, I definitely learned a lot from it. Getting ideas from your colleges is also a good example.

white label seo said...

I'll be sure to give this a shot, I've never tried this before. Thanks.

seo london said...

I'll be sure to keep this in mind, so that I'll be always prepared. Thanks.

sydney seo services said...

This is something important when your in a marketing meeting, you always have to keep this in mind at all times.

Emilio.M said...

Thinking of a marketing plan can be really hard at times, you definitely need to work together if you want to make things right.
local seo services

Valerie Phillips said...

These are very effective tips. I have to agree with you that if something is simple enough, just say it. Consider the intelligence and prior experience of your audience. Your tips are really something to keep in mind especially when you are conducting marketing meetings.

seo philippines

chiropractic marketing said...

A great argument is needed in persuading people, which is a must have in marketing.

Best SEO Services said...

Socratic discussion is some how complicated more than here we are expecting. Everyone has different views on different topics and one have to make sure that they have to be open minded at time of Socratic discussions

Best SEO Services said...

i think i should give try to this method of discussion and analyze its outcome

SEO India said...

I'm impressed. You're truly well informed and very intelligent. You wrote something that people could understand and made the subject intriguing for everyone. I'm saving this for future use.

Birmingham SEO Service said...

If you are a good listener than easily you can lead Socratic discussion with ease.

Betty J. Harper said...

I’ve used this technique when I was in college. My professor was really amazed and she even recommended me to some of her friends who occasionally invite speakers for their organization.

tutorial seo said...

Yes...i think seo tips more excited...

Cikrax said...

Mengasyikkan juga jika terbang dengan layanan tour & travel dengan promo harga bersaing di saat banyaknya bisnis tiket online pesawat murah saat ini. Jangan lewatkan artikel tips seo untuk bisnis online Anda semakin berkembang

Ricky Attacker said...

Menuntungkan sekali jika bepergian Anda menggunakan tour & travel PTO Indonesia, dengan harga tiket pesawat terpercaya berada di Jakarta. Dapatkan juga paket tour agar acara liburan keluarga Anda semakin meriah. Simak juga artikel tips seo dari blog bisnis online Anda semakin berkembang dan jangan lewatkan Festival Kolaborasi Komunitas.

Netha Putri said...

harga tas louis vuitton What a very detailed article, I'll be sure to share this for sure. Thanks. jual tas chanel murah

Asiong Vimax Farma said...

Thank you for sharing in this article
I can learn a lot and could also be a reference
I hope to read the next your article updates

Alat Bantu Seksual Pria Wanita
Vigrx Plus
Toko Vimax Original
Galeri Alat Bantu Sex
Alat Bantu Sex
Vimax Asli
Alat Bantu Sex Pria
Obat Vimax
Alat Bantu Sex Wanita
Obat Pembesar Penis
Alat Bantu Pria
Vimax Pills Canada
Alat Bantu Wanita
Vimax Indonesia
Jual Vimax Pembesar Penis
Alat Bantu
Vigrx Plus
Semenax Original
Vigrx Plus Indonesia
Jual Semenax Asli
Obat Penyubur Sperma
Vimax Asli
Ailida Candy
Vimax Pills Canada
Obat Kuat Viagra
Vimax Pills Canada
Agen Vimax Asli
Minyak Lintah Papua
Obat Vimax Asli
Toko Alat Bantu Sex
Jual Vigrx Plus
Semenax Asli Original
Lintah Papua
Obat Pembesar Penis

Asiong Vimax Farma said...

Vagina Ngangkang
Sex Toys Twins Perless Pussie
Vagina Peluk
Sex toys Hawaiian Girl
Krim Pemutih Wajah Alami
Obat Vimax Asli
Jual Alat Bantu Sex Pria
Vimax Pills Canada
Jual Alat Bantu Sex Wanita
Jual Minyak Pembesar Penis
Jual Alat Pembesar Penis
Jual Obat Kuat Pria Perkasa
Jual Obat Pelangsing Badan
Jual Obat Pembesar Penis
Jual Obat Penyubur Sperma Pria
Jual Obat Perangsang Wanita
Jual Cream Alat Pembesar Payudara
Jual Produk Kesehatan Kecantikan
Pelangsing Green Slimming
Vagina Getar
Vagina Goyang Suara
Vagina Manual
Vagina Pantat
Vagina Body Nungging
Penis Getar Goyang
Vagina Baby Pussy
Penis Getar
Penggetar Vagina
Penis Shaky
Vakum Pembesar Penis
Penis Manual
Vakum Pembesar Payudara
Cream Pembesar Payudara
Vagina Bulu
Nangen Kapsul
Permen Cinta
Pelangsing Fruit Plant

Asiong Vimax Farma said...

Penis Ikat Pinggang
Sex Toys Super Strapless
Penis Mutiara
Penis Tempel
Penis Super Strapless
Sex Toys
Pelangsing Fruit Plant
Vagina Pinggul
Fruit Plant
Perangsang Permen Karet
Obat Pelangsing Badan Fatloss
Vibrator penis fantasy Bliss
» ● Vigrx Plus Original
Obat Viagra Original
» ● Vigrx Plus
Obat Kuat Viagra
» ● Vigrx Plus Indonesia
Viagra USA 100mg
» ● Obat Pembesar Penis
Harga Viagra
» ● Jual Vigrx Plus Original

Related Posts with Thumbnails